Chapter 7 Study Guide

 

CRANIAL BONES_________________________________________________________________________

frontal bone

frontal sinus

parietal bone

temporal bone

zygomatic process

mandibular fossa

articular tubercle

mastoid process

external auditory meatus

styloid process

occipital bone

foramen magnum

occipital condyle

superior nuchal line

inferior nuchal line

sphenoid bone

sella turcica

sphenoidal sinus

superior orbital fissure

optic foramen

ethmoid bone

perpendicular plate

cribriform plate

olfactory foramen

crista galli

nasal concha (superior & middle)

coronal suture

sagittal suture

lambdoid suture

squamous suture

anterior fontanel (alternative spelling = anterior fontanelle)

posterior fontanel (alternative spelling = posterior fontanelle)

 

 

FACIAL BONES ______________________________________________________________________________

nasal bone

maxilla

palatine process

inferior orbital fissure

zygomatic bone

temporal process

lacrimal bone

palatine bone

nasal concha (inferior)

vomer

mandible

body

ramus

angle

condylar process

coronoid process

mandibular notch

hyoid bone

 

 

VERTEBRAL COLUMN & RIBCAGE___________________________________________________________________

cervical vertebra (C1-C7)

thoracic vertebra (T1-T12)

lumbar vertebra (L1-L5)

sacrum

coccyx

intervertebral disc

annulus fibrosus (outer fibrous ring of intervertebral disc)

nucleus pulposus (inner soft, pulpy, elastic portion of intervertebral disc)

vertebra

body

pedicle

lamina

vertebral foramen

transverse process

spinous process

superior articular process

inferior articular process

intervertebral foramen

transverse foramen

C1 - atlas

C2 - axis

cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae - what are the differences between them?

transverse processes of vertebrae articulate with tubercles of ribs

bodies of vertebrae articulate with heads of ribs

anterior sacral foramen

posterior sacral foramen

sternum

manubrium

body

xiphoid process

ribs 1-12

head

neck

tubercle

body