Chapter 1 Study Guide

 

anatomy

physiology

know the 11 systems of the human body

be able to name one component / organ belonging to each system

be able to name one function of each system

given a list of the organs in a system be able to name it

given a list of the functions of a system be able to name it

integumentary system

skeletal system

muscular system

nervous system

endocrine system

cardiovascular system

lymphatic & immune system

respiratory system

digestive system

urinary system

reproductive system

homeostasis

intracellular fluid

extracellular fluid

interstitial fluid

positive feedback systems

negative feedback system

controlled condition

stimulus

receptor

control center

effector

anatomical position

given a picture or description of two structures, be able to describe their relationship to each other

using the correct directional / positional terminology (in other words be able to use the words below)

supine

prone

superior (cephalic or cranial)

inferior (caudal)

anterior (ventral)

posterior (dorsal)

medial

lateral

intermediate

ipsilateral

contralateral

proximal

distal

superficial

deep

plane

section

given a description or picture of a person or structure that has been sectioned, be able to name the plane of the section

sagittal plane

midsagittal plane

parasagittal plane

frontal or coronal plane

transverse plane (cross-sectional or horizontal plane)

oblique plane

cranial cavity

vertebral (spinal) canal

thoracic cavity

abdominopelvic cavity

pericardial cavity

visceral pericardium

parietal pericardium

pleural cavity

visceral pleura

parietal pleura

mediastinum

abdominopelvic cavity

visceral peritoneum

parietal peritoneum

given a drawing of the 9 abdominopelvic regions be able to name each region

right hypochondriac region

epigastric region

left hypochondriac region

right lumbar region

umbilical region

left lumbar region

right inguinal (iliac) region

hypogastric (pubic) region

left inguinal (iliac) region

given a drawing of the 4 abdominopelvic quadrants be able to name each quadrant

(be careful to think of the right and left of the individual / body in the drawing

NOT your right and left)

right upper quadrant (RUQ)

right lower quadrant (RLQ)

left upper quadrant (LUQ)

left lower quadrant (LLQ)